I must study Politicks and War that my sons may have liberty to study Mathematicks and Philosophy.
PHD CANDIDATE IN ECONOMIC HISTORYLONDON SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS AND POLITICAL SCIENCE
EMPLOYMENT2021 FALL GUEST TEACHER, LONDON SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS AND POLITICAL SCIENCE2022 SPRING ONWARD DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, SCHOOL OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND PUBLIC AFFAIRS, FUDAN UNIVERSITY, SHANGHAI
RESEARCH FIELDSPOLITICAL AND ECONOMIC HISTORYSTATE THEORIES
RESEARCH INTERESTSPUBLIC FINANCESTATE CAPACITY AND GOVERNANCEINSTITUTIONAL TRANSITIONS AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTPOLITICAL ECONOMY OF MODERN AND CONTEMPORARY CHINA
PHD THESIS TITLETHE MAKING OF REGIONAL FISCAL STATES IN CHINA
PHD SUPERVISORSPROF. KENT G. DENG, LONDON SCHOOL OF ECONOMICSPROF. DEBIN MA, HITOTSUBASHI UNIVERSITY
ADDRESSECONOMIC HISTORY, LSEHOUGHTON STREETLONDON, WC2A 2AEUK
DOWNLOAD MY CV HERE* IF YOU HAVE NO ACCESS TO GOOGLE, DOWNLOAD MY CV VIA THE FOLLOWING LINKhttps://pan.baidu.com/s/1tBXq9wh9qdxQo5m-_HxLEAPassword: yn2p
MY INFORMATION ON THE WEBPAGE OF ECONOMIC HISTORY, LONDON SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS
The Merit of Misfortune: Taiping Rebellion and the Rise of Indirect Taxation in Late Imperial China, 1850s-1900s
This article focuses on the relationship between political disorder and indirect taxation. The micro-level evidence offers us new perspectives to understand the strengthening of fiscal capacities in the late imperial China. With cross-sectional data for 266 prefectures in 18 provinces, this article employs quantitative methods to test the positive link between the warfare during the Taiping Rebellion (the greatest threat for the Qing reign) and the rapid rise and pervasive persistence of autonomous and self-serving indirect taxation (lijin) institutions. The withering traditional central taxation and the growing local military needs accounted for this change. This article then draws more economic and political implications by linking local fiscal autonomy to the Late Qing industrial modernization and the development of representative politics. The results demonstrate that the warfare by the Taiping Rebellion provided an unexpected opportunity for China’s modernization in a bottom-up way and that the impact was long-lasting.
MORE INFORMATIONThis article is included in the LSE Working Paper Series 2021. Download it HERE.Cite this article:Deng, H., 2021, The Merit of Misfortune: Taiping Rebellion and the Rise of Indirect Taxation in Late Imperial China, 1850s-1900s, LSE Economic History Working Paper, No. 320, 1-68.
Reexamine the Restoration: Fiscal Capacity and Industrialization in Modern China, 1860s-1930s
This article focuses on the bottom-up industrialization in China since the 1860s and highlights an indigenous institutional factor: the weak Qing central state in crisis had to delegate its power to the local; hence local politicians became self-serving ‘stationary bandits’ and were highly incentivized to extract social resources, strengthen local fiscal capacity and establish modern industries. This economic restoration persisted even after the fall of the Qing Empire in 1911. This article makes a quantitative breakthrough by establishing a novel dataset on fiscal capacity and industrialization at the prefectural level. To overcome endogeneity, it employs the Taiping Rebellion (1851-1864) as an instrument variable. The local warfare for suppressing the rebels was strongly linked to the fiscal capacity that a prefecture obtained; however, the Rebellion played no direct role in facilitating industrialization. It affirms that the greater local fiscal capacity was associated with a larger number of industrial firms. This article also discusses mechanisms including how local fiscal resources were invested in public goods like infrastructure and how local politicians mitigated financial and technological constraints for both public and private firms. These findings offer us a path to revisit the Great Divergence debate and underline the role of state in industrialization.
MORE INFORMATIONThe long abstract with preliminary results is HERE.
Fiscal Decentralization, Historical Legacy and Economic Performance: Empirical Evidence from Coastal Prefectures in China, 2010-2015
This article focuses on the effect of fiscal decentralization on local economic growth, one of key empirical issues in fiscal-federalist studies. It establishes a panel dataset for coastal Chinese prefectures and considers historical and geographical conditions as instrumental variables of contemporary local fiscal decentralization, as the first attempt to overcome endogeneity in this literature.
MORE INFORMATIONThe preliminary version of this article, as an MSc dissertation, was awarded Distinction (70/100) by the Department of Government, London School of Economics.
RESEARCH IN PROGRESS
Papers in Progress
‘New Policies, New Elites: The Rise of Public Welfare during China’s Constitutional Reform, 1901-1911’
‘Pragmatism or Nationalism? Foreign Borrowing, Domestic Financing and China’s Infrastructure, 1880s-1910s’
Monography in Progress
‘The Making of Regional Fiscal States in China’ (PhD Dissertation)
I have been teaching seminars at LSE since 2017.
EH207. The Making of an Economic Superpower: China since 1850This is a second-year undergraduate course about the economic performance in political and social contexts for modern and contemporary China from the 1850s to the 2020s.
LENT TERM WEEK 10 CASE STUDYCOVID-19 in ChinaSuggestive Keys:https://drive.google.com/file/d/1sPYFBM8IhQOuianrvdkR7nS0R7sp6UBM/view?usp=sharingNote: You can download the updated problem set on Moodle. 1. In the original version, Q26D has a typo; 2. the figure for Q30 is replaced with a more accurate one.
EH240. Business and Economic Performance since 1945: Britain in International ContextThis is a second-year undergraduate course focusing on the economy and business of the United Kingdom since 1945 from a historical and comparative perspective.
LENT TERMSteel IndustryOne of them is not provided by the Library. See it here: Tolliday's in Elbaum
EH401. Historical Analysis of Economic ChangeThis is a compulsory postgraduate course for many programs at the LSE, focusing on the general topics (state, institutions, growth, macroeconomy, industries, trade, organizations, demography, etc.) on economic history at an advanced level.
MICHAELMAS TERM 2021-2022TBC
Other Campus Events
Student & Alumni Discussion. Literary History and Selected Reading for Modern and Contemporary China (中国现当代文学史与作品选读)This is an informal session focusing on the modern and contemporary history of Chinese literature, with intensive reading and discussion about prestigious literary works. The language used is Chinese.
伦敦政治经济学院 经济史 博士候选人
职业发展2021 秋季 伦敦政治经济学院 研究生课程教师2022 春季起 复旦大学国际关系与公共事务学院政治学系
博士阶段导师伦敦政治经济学院 邓钢 教授日本一桥大学 马德斌 教授
教育背景2011-2016 复旦大学管理学院 财务金融系 本科2016-2017 伦敦政治经济学院 政府学系 硕士
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国内 · 非学术写作与活动澎湃 翻书党 (2019)南风窗 (2019)修和书院 (2018 2019)致极学院 (2020)喜马拉雅·咸柠七 (2020)